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Author (up) Decca, R.S.; Drew, H.D.; Maiorov, B.; Guimpel, J.; Osquiguil, E.J.
Title Inducing superconductivity at a nanoscale: Photodoping with a near- field scanning optical microscope Type Journal Article
Year 1999 Publication Journal of Microscopy Abbreviated Journal J. Microsc.
Volume 194 Issue 2-3 Pages 407-411
Keywords High critical temperature superconductors; Near-field microscopy; Photoconductivity; Photoinduced superconductivity; barium; copper derivative; gadolinium; nanoparticle; conductance; conference paper; crystal structure; crystallography; density; fiber optics; film; illumination; magnetic field; photoactivation; priority journal; reflectometry; scanning near field optical microscopy; temperature
Abstract The local modification of an insulating GdBa2Cu3O6.5 thin film, made superconducting by illumination with a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM), is reported. A 100-nm aperture NSOM probe acts as a sub- wavelength light source of wavelength ?(exc)=480-650 nm, locally generating photocarriers in an otherwise insulating GdBa2-Cu3O6.5 thin film. Of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs, electrons are trapped in the crystallographic lattice, defining an electrostatic confining potential to enable the holes to move. Reflectance measurements at ? = 1.55 ?m at room temperature show that photocarriers can be induced and constrained to move on a ?? 200 nm scale for all investigated ?(exc). Photogenerated wires present a superconducting critical temperature T(c) = 12 K with a critical current density J(c) = 104 A cm-2. Exploiting the flexibility provided by photodoping through a NSOM probe, a junction was written by photodoping a wire with a narrow (? 50 nm) under-illuminated gap. The strong magnetic field modulation of the critical current provides a clear signature of the existence of a Josephson effect in the junction.
Address Ctro. Atomico Bariloche and Inst. B., Comision Nac. de Energia Atomica, 8400 S. C. de Bariloche, RN, Argentina
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Notes Cited By (since 1996): 1; Export Date: 17 April 2009; Source: Scopus; CODEN: JMICA; doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2818.1999.00540.x; Language of Original Document: English; Correspondence Address: Decca, R.S.; Laboratory for Physical Sciences; Department of Physics; University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742, United States; email: rdecca@physics.umd.edu; References: Decca, R.S., Drew, H.D., Empson, K.L., Investigation of the electric-field distribution at the subwavelength aperture of a near-field scanning optical microscope (1997) Appl. Phys. Lett., 70, pp. 1932-1934; Decca, R.S., Drew, H.D., Maiorov, B., Osquiguil, E., Guimpel, J., Photoinduced superconducting nanowires in GdBa2-Cu3O6.5 films (1998) Appl. Phys. Lett., 72, pp. 120-122; Endo, T., Hoffmann, A., Santamaria, J., Schuller, I.K., Enhancement of persistent photoconductivity by uv excitation in GdBa2Cu3O6.3 (1996) Phys. Rev. B., 54, pp. 3750-3752; Federici, J.F., Chew, D., Welker, B., Savin, W., Gutierrez-Solana, J., Fink, T., Wilber, W., Defect mechanism of photoinduced superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O6+x (1995) Phys. Rev. B, 52, pp. 15592-15597; Ginsberg, D.M., (1996) Physical Properties of High Temperature Superconductors V, , World Scientific, Singapore; Guimpel, J., Maiorov, B., Osquiguil, E., Nieva, G., Pardo, F., Interrelation between persistent photoconductivity and oxygen order in GdBa2Cu3Ox thin films (1997) Phys. Rev. B, 56, pp. 3552-3555; Kirilyuk, A.I., Kreines, N.M., Kudinov, V.I., (1990) Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., 52, p. 696. , Frozen photoconductivity in YBaCuO films; JETP Lett., 52, pp. 49-54; Krylov, I.P., (1990) Pis'ma Zh. Eklsp. Teor. Fiz., 52, p. 1049; Mechanism for the frozen photoconductivity of YBa2Cu3O7-? JETP Lett., 52, pp. 442-446; Kudinov, V.I., Chaplygin, I.L., Kirilyuk, A.I., Keines, N.M., Laiho, R.L.E., Ayache, C., Persistent photoconductivity in YBa2Cu3O6+x films as a method of photodoping toward metallic and superconducting phases (1993) Phys. Rev. B, 47, pp. 9017-9028; Lederman, D., Hasen, J., Schuller, I.K., Photoinduced superconductivity and structural changes in high temperature superconducting films (1994) Appl. Phys. Lett., 64, pp. 652-654; Nakamura, O., Fullerton, E.E., Guimpel, J., Schuller, I.K., High Tc thin films with roughness smaller than one unit cell (1992) Appl. Phys. Lett., 60, pp. 120-122; Nieva, G., Osquiguil, E., Guimpel, J., Maenhoudt, M., Wuyts, B., Bruynseraede, Y., Maple, M.P., Schuller, I.K., Photo-induced changes in the transport properties of oxygen-deficient YBa2Cu3Ox (1992) Phys. Rev. B, 46, pp. 14249-14252; Orenstein, J., Thomas, G.A., Millis, A.J., Cooper, S.L., Rapkine, D.H., Timusk, T., Schneemeyer, L.F., Waszczak, J.V., Frequency-and temperature-dependent conductivity in YBa2Cu3O6+x crystals (1990) Phys. Rev. B, 42, pp. 6342-6362; Osquiguil, E., Maenhoudt, M., Wuyts, B., Bruynseraede, Y., Photoexcitation and oxygen ordering in YBa2Cu3Ox films (1994) Phys. Rev. B, 49, pp. 3675-3678; Tinkham, M., (1996) Introduction to Superconductivity, 2nd Edn., , McGraw-Hill, New York Approved no
Call Number BT @ osquigui @ Serial 376
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