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Author Sereni, J.G.
Title Entropy Bottlenecks at T->0 in Ce-Lattice and Related Compounds Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Journal of Low Temperature Physics Abbreviated Journal J. Low Temp. Phys.
Volume 179 Issue 1-2 Pages 126-137
Keywords Heavy fermions; Specific heat anomalies; Entropy
Abstract A number of specific heat Cm anomalies are reported in Ce- and Yb-lattice compounds around 1 K which cannot be associated to usual phase transitions despite of their robust magnetic moments. Instead of a Cm(T) jump, these anomalies show coincident morphology: (i) a significant tail in Cm/T , with similar power law decay above their maxima ( T>Tm ), (ii) whereas a Cm(T2) dependence is observed below Tm . (iii) The comparison of their respective entropy gain Sm(T) indicates that ≈0.7R ln2 is condensed within the T>Tm tail, in coincidence with an exemplary spin-ice compound. Such amount of entropy arises from a significant increase of the density of low energy excitations, reflected in a divergent Cm(T>Tm)/T dependence. (iv) Many of their lattice structures present conditions for magnetic frustration. The origin of these anomalies can be attributed to an interplay between the divergent density of magnetic excitations at T→0 and the limited amount of degrees of freedom: Sm = R ln2 for a doublet-ground state. Due to this “entropy bottleneck,” the paramagnetic minimum of energy blurs out and the system slides into an alternative minimum through a continuous transition. A relevant observation in these very heavy fermion systems is the possible existence of an upper limit for Cm/TLimT→0 ≈7 J/mol K 2 observed in four Yb- and Pr-based compounds.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0022-2291 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number BT @ pedrazp @ Serial 709
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