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Author (up) Zemma, E.; Luzuriaga, J. doi  openurl
  Title Measurements of Turbulence Onset and Dissipation in Superfluid Helium with a Silicon Double Paddle Oscillator Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Journal of Low Temperature Physics Abbreviated Journal J. Low Temp. Phys.  
  Volume 166 Issue 3-4 Pages 171-181  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We have studied experimentally the response of a silicon single crystal double paddle oscillator submerged in superfluid helium from the lambda point to 1.55 K. Measuring the resonance frequency and dissipation on three modes of this high Q system allows us to study the dissipation at the onset of turbulence in the flow around the paddle. The critical velocity V c for turbulence onset decreases with temperature. If we use the density of the normal component of the superfluid to obtain a Reynolds number Re associated with V c we find a value which is largely temperature independent. This result is different from the behavior previously found by other authors below 1 K, where the quantized vorticity (extrinsic nucleation) is observed at velocities more than an order of magnitude greater. In our temperature range, we conclude that the transition is governed by the normal fraction acting as a classical fluid. The laminar regime shows a dissipation that is proportional to the viscous drag calculated by well known formulas for an object oscillating in a liquid. We also find a decrease in resonance frequency in the turbulent regime which is clearly observed but hard to reproduce from run to run.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1573-7357 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number BT @ hernan @ Serial 648  
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