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Author (up) Velarde, M.O.; Mato, G.; Delavalle, D. url  doi
  Title Mechanisms for pattern specificity of deep-brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication PLoS One Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12 Issue 8 Pages e0182884  
  Abstract Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become a widely used technique for treating advanced stages of neurological and psychiatric illness. In the case of motor disorders related to basal ganglia (BG) dysfunction, several mechanisms of action for the DBS therapy have been identified which might be involved simultaneously or in sequence. However, the identification of a common key mechanism underlying the clinical relevant DBS configurations has remained elusive due to the inherent complexity related to the interaction between the electrical stimulation and the neural tissue, and the intricate circuital structure of the BG-thalamocortical network. In this work, it is shown that the clinically relevant range for both, the frequency and intensity of the electrical stimulation pattern, is an emergent property of the BG anatomy at the system-level that can be addressed using mean-field descriptive models of the BG network. Moreover, it is shown that the activity resetting mechanism elicited by electrical stimulation provides a natural explanation to the ineffectiveness of irregular (i.e., aperiodic) stimulation patterns, which has been commonly observed in previously reported pathophysiology models of Parkinson's disease. Using analytical and numerical techniques, these results have been reproduced in both cases: 1) a reduced mean-field model that can be thought as an elementary building block capable to capture the underlying fundamentals of the relevant loops constituting the BG-thalamocortical network, and 2) a detailed model constituted by the direct and hyperdirect loops including one-dimensional spatial structure of the BG nuclei. We found that the optimal ranges for the essential parameters of the stimulation patterns can be understood without taking into account biophysical details of the relevant structures.  
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  Call Number BT @ pedrazp @ Serial 777  
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