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Rigal, L. B., D. C. Schmadel, H. D. Drew, B. Maiorov, E. Osquiguil, J. S. Preston, R. Hughes, and G. D. Gu. "Magneto-optical evidence for a gapped Fermi surface in underdoped YBa 2Cu3O6+x." Physical Review Letters 93, no. 13 (2004).
Abstract: An evidence presented that supports partial gapping of the Fermi surface by a measurement of the Hall frequency from high frequency magneto-optical measurements on underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO) was discussed. It was found that the Hall frequency was obtained independently of the unknown k-space dependence of the carrier scattering rates that complicated the dc Hall effect. It was observed that the frequency dependence of the Hall angle was Drude-like and indicated a quasielastic relaxation process for optimal and underdoped samples. The results show that there was an increase of the Hall frequency in the pseudogap state.