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Martinelli, A., D. Ryan, J. Sereni, C. Ritter, A. Leineweber, I. Čurlík, R. Freccero, and M. Giovannini. "Magnetic phase separation in the EuPdSn2 ground state." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 11 (2023): 7641.
Abstract: The chemical bonding, structural and magnetic properties of EuPdSn2 have been investigated by DFT, synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction and 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy. As a result, no structural transition is observed in the thermal range of 5–290 K, whereas ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic orderings are found to coexist below 12 K and compete in the ground state. This magnetic phase separation is likely triggered by the minimization of the global energy resulting from the coexistence of the different magnetic configurations. Chemical bonding analysis in position space reveals the presence of heteroatomic 4a- and 5a-bonds, involving each species, and two-atomic Eu–Pd polar covalent interactions building up graphite-like distorted honeycomb layers.
Martinelli, A., M. Giovannini, J. G. Sereni, and C. Ritter. "Suppression of ferromagnetic order by Ag-doping: a neutron scattering investigation on Ce2(Pd1âˆ’x Ag x )2In (xâ€‰â€‰=â€‰â€‰0.20, 0.50)." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 30, no. 26 (2018): 265601.
Abstract: The ground state magnetic behaviour of Ce2(Pd0.8Ag0.2)2In and Ce2(Pd0.5Ag0.5)2In, found in the ferromagnetic branch of Ce2Pd2In, has been investigated by neutron powder diffraction at low temperature. Ce2(Pd0.8Ag0.2)2In is characterized by a ferromagnetic structure with the Ce moments aligned along the c-axis and values of 0.96(2) ÂµB. The compound retains the P4/mbm throughout the magnetic transition, although the magnetic ordering is accompanied by a significant decrease of the lattice strain along [0â€‰0â€‰l], suggesting a magnetostructural contribution. The magnetic behaviour of Ce2(Pd0.5Ag0.5)2In is very different; this compound exhibits an extremely reduced magnetic scattering contribution in the diffraction pattern, that can be ascribed to a different kind of ferromagnetic ordering, with extremely reduced magnetic moments (~0.1 Âµ
B) aligned along [0â€‰lâ€‰0]. These results point to a competition between different types of magnetic correlations induced by Ag-substitution, giving rise to a magnetically frustrated scenario in Ce2(Pd0.5Ag0.5)2In.