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Franco, D. G., R. E. Carbonio, and G. Nieva. "Synthesis and structural and magnetic characterization of the frustrated magnetic system La2Ni4/3âˆ’xCoxSb2/3O6." Journal of Solid State Chemistry 207 (2013): 69–79.
Abstract: We report the synthesis of double perovskites La2Ni4/3âˆ’xCoxSb2/3O6 with x=0, 1/3, 2/3 and 1 by a solid state method. Rietveld refinements of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data show that all samples crystallize in space group P21/n, with almost perfect occupation of the 2d octahedral site with the transition metals, while all Sb5+ are randomly distributed in a 2c octahedral site. The saturation magnetization in hysteresis loops indicates that the samples are ferrimagnetic throughout all the series. Virgin magnetization curves lie outside hysteresis loops at low temperatures and thermal evolution of Hm â€“ defined as the inflection point of these curves â€“ follows the de Almeidaâ€“Thouless dependence for x â‰ 0 . This spin glass like behavior below 30 K is also supported by thermal evolution of the coercivity, which follows an exponential law typical of magnetic clusters, not found in the pure Ni2+ perovskite, x=0 extreme.
Keywords: Double perovskites; Neutron diffraction; Rietveld refinement; Ferrimagnetism; Magnetic frustration