Carreras Oropesa, W. G., S. Encina, P. Pedrazzini, V. F. Correa, J. G. Sereni, V. Vildosola, García D.J., and P. S. Cornaglia. "Minimal model for the magnetic phase diagram of CeTi1-xScxGe, GdFe1-xCoxSi, and related materials." Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 503 (2020): 166614.
Abstract: We present a theoretical analysis of the magnetic phase diagram of CeTi1-xScxGe and GdFe1-xCoxSi as a function
of the temperature and the Sc and Co concentration x, respectively. CeScGe and GdCoSi, as many other RTX
(R=rare earth, T=transition metal, X=p-block element) compounds, present a tetragonal crystal structure
where bilayers of R are separated by layers of T and X. While GdFeSi and CeTi0.75Sc0.25Ge are ferromagnetic,
CeScGe and GdCoSi order antiferromagnetically with the R 4f magnetic moments on the same bilayer aligned
ferromagnetically and magnetic moments in nearest neighbouring bilayers aligned antiferromagnetically. The
antiferromagnetic transition temperature TN decreases with decreasing concentration x in both compounds and
for low enough values of x the compounds show a ferromagnetic behavior. Based on these observations we
construct a simplified model Hamiltonian that we solve numerically for the specific heat and the magnetization.
We find a good qualitative agreement between the model and the experimental data. Our results show that the
main magnetic effect of the Sc→Ti and Co→Fe substitution in these compounds is consistent with a change in
the sign of the exchange coupling between magnetic moments in neighbouring bilayers. We expect a similar
phenomenology for other magnetic RTX compounds with the same type of crystal structure.