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Hofer, J. A., and N. Haberkorn. "Flux flow velocity instability and quasiparticle relaxation time in nanocrystalline β-W thin films." Thin Solid Films 730 (2021): 138690.
Abstract: We characterized the superconducting properties of a micropatterned 23 nm thick β-W film using electrical transport measurements in magnetic fields. The film is nanocrystalline and displays a smooth surface. The superconducting critical temperature is 4.6 K. The critical current densities display a fast drop with the magnetic field, indicating weak vortex pinning. From the analysis of the instability in the vortex motion at low magnetic fields in the flux-flow state, we observe vortex velocities up 800 m/s. An inelastic lifetime of quasiparticles around 0.6 ns is estimated at low temperatures. Together with high uniformity in thickness and simplicity in the fabrication process, the superconducting properties make β-W films promising for applications in fast single-photon detectors.