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Rumi, G., L. J. Albornoz, P. Pedrazzini, M. I. Dolz, H. Pastoriza, C. J. van der Beek, M. Konczykowski, and Y. Fasano. "Entropy jump at the first-order vortex phase transition in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+Î´ with columnar defects." Materials Today: Proceedings 14 (2019): 30–33.
Abstract: We study the entropy jump associated with the first-order vortex melting transition (FOT) in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+Î´ crystals by means of Hall probe magnetometry. The samples present a diluted distribution of columnar defects (CD) introduced by irradiation with Xe ions. The FOT is detected in ac transmittivity measurements as a paramagnetic peak, the height of which is proportional to the enthalpy difference entailed by the transition. By applying the Clausius-Clapeyron relation, we quantify the evolution of the entropy jump Î”s as a function of the FOT temperature, TFOT, in both pristine crystals and crystals with CD. On increasing the density of CD, Î”s decreases monotonically with respect to values found in pristine samples. The Î”s versus TFOT dependence in the case of pristine samples follows reasonably well the theoretical prediction of dominant electromagnetic coupling for a model neglecting the effect of disorder. The data for samples with a diluted distribution of CD are not properly described by such a theoretical model.
Keywords: vortex matter; first-order melting transition; high-temperature superconductivity; correlated disorder